In this investigation of the construct of empathy, the authors report that the literature reflects strong evidence that empathy is an essential component of the therapeutic alliance across theories and that empathy is necessary in the counseling process. The concept of empathy continues to be a central component of new forms of counseling and therapy.
Rogers (1957) conceptualized and specified six conditions that he considered to be both necessary and sufficient for therapeutic client change to occur. Rogers hypothesized that these six conditions apply to all psychotherapy, not just to client-centered therapy.
By Feller, Candi P.; Cottone, R. Rocco