What does Wal-Mart, Dick Cheney, the Philippines’ typhoon victims, Rush Limbaugh, and Nazis have in common? The empathy gap.
The empathy gap experiments included research on pain. If someone has not experienced the pain to be administered, they seriously underestimate what that pain would be like. When this is coupled with lack of empathy regarding sexual orientation, or race — at its most drastic — you get results such as the torture, extermination and medical experimentation that occurred at Nazi death camps or Japanese facilities during World War II. At a lesser degree of drastic, Rush Limbaugh experiences back pain and after years of denouncing drug use becomes an addict himself.