Lessons from Sherlock Holmes: From Perspective-Taking to Empathy | Scientific American

 Last week, I wrote about the importance of perspective-taking. This week, I’d like to continue with one of its close relatives, a state that would indeed be largely impossible without its existence: empathy.

 

Empathy, a concept originally introduced as Einfühlung by Theodore Lipps, is a state that allows us to share in the experiences and mental states of others. It lets us understand–or at least begin to approximate–their feelings, their internal conditions, their possible thoughts and motivations, and as such, is one of the central elements of social behavior.

 

By Maria Konnikova